Funding and Admin
- the logistics of building a temple were often just as complex and sophisticated, if not more so, than the practical skills need to actually construct it
- in Athens we have a fairly decent understanding of how Pericles' Acropolis building campaign would have worked, thanks to a large quantity of information provided by various inscriptions, for example, we know that the Parthenon was built between 447- 332 BC, and that the Erechtheion was built between 421- 407 BC
- however, it would do well to note that whilst Athens is a good example here, the methods and practises on the Acropolis are by no means a standard way of financing and administrating; each city state and sanctuary would have organised its temple construction in a manner that best fitted its circumstances
- at Athens there was a hierarchy of those involved with the temple, at the top was the City Treasury (who provided the funds), and at the bottom there were the craftsmen and unskilled labourers; in between stood the finance committee, the building committee and supervisory committee, the architect(s), and the contractors.
- the finance committee had a great deal of power (and responsibility), it was their role to oversee the treasury, pay wages, provide funds for the materials needed, cover transport costs (and calculate the necessary rates of exchange), and to secure an income for the treasury
- The finance committee was also responsible for making sure that terms of agreement and contracts were kept to, and if any were broken or not kept to (such as deadlines for various aspects of completion, paying a certain amount for materials etc.) by them or by someone acting on their behalf, then they could be fined for it. the flip side to this being that the finance committee were able to fine any contractors who might have failed to keep up their end of the agreement (perhaps if they didn't supply as much marble as they had said they would, or delivered it late).
- the building committee and supervisory committee and varied, and very wide range of matters under their guidance
- The Architect(s) (lit. 'archos', as in archon, and 'techtos', originally 'carpenter', later meant builder- perhaps shows the change from wooden structures to stone?- means 'chief/master-builder') served as the technical advisor to the building committee and would provide the first draft of the design of the temple building.
- the architects of the Parthenon were Iktinos and Kallikrates